12 Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Job Transitions
Industrial and Organizational Psychology
II. PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY
Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition
How to Cite
Feldman, D. C. and Ng, T. W. H. 2012. Theoretical Approaches to the Study of Job Transitions. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 12:II:12.
- Published Online: 26 SEP 2012
This paper integrates the research on the job transitions individuals experience over the course of their careers, including: transfers and promotions; domestic and international geographical relocation; transitions out of unemployment, underemployment, and contingent employment; changes in occupations; and transitions into bridge employment or retirement. We especially consider the contributions which embeddedness theory, person–environment fit theory, conservation of resources theory, and personality theory make to our understanding of job transitions. These theoretical perspectives help us better understand: (a) why people decide to accept/reject job change options; (b) how individuals' networks influence their job change decisions and their levels of adjustment to new positions; and (c) why individuals' reactions to changing jobs and their strategies for coping with them show consistency across transitions. The chapter concludes with directions for future research on job transitions.
- job transitions;
- job changes;
- person–environment fit;
- conservation of resources theory