16 Organization Change and Development: In Practice and in Theory

Industrial and Organizational Psychology


  1. John R. Austin PhD1,
  2. Jean M. Bartunek PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop212016

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Austin, J. R. and Bartunek, J. M. 2012. Organization Change and Development: In Practice and in Theory. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 12:III:16.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Decision Strategies International, Conshohocken, Pennsylvania, USA

  2. 2

    Boston College, Department of Management and Organization, Chestnut Hills, Massachusetts, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012


Theoretical knowledge of organization change practice continues to evolve. We categorize current change process theories using Van de Ven and Poole's 1995 four motors of change; dialogic, teleologic, life-cycle, and evolutionary. We then categorize change implementation approaches using four motors of organization development; participation, self-reflection, action research, and narrative. Theoretical development is strong in both change process and change implementation but the two fields continue to remain mostly isolated from each other. While this academic/practitioner divide has been commented on by many writers since our 2003 chapter, we see reasons to be optimistic that new avenues of integration between practice and theory are emerging.


  • organization development;
  • organization change