Chapter

23 Healthy Workplaces

Industrial and Organizational Psychology

IV. THE WORK ENVIRONMENT

  1. Steve M. Jex PhD1,
  2. Naomi Swanson PhD2,
  3. Paula Grubb PhD2

Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118133880.hop212023

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition

How to Cite

Jex, S. M., Swanson, N. and Grubb, P. 2012. Healthy Workplaces. Handbook of Psychology, Second Edition. 12:IV:23.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Bowling Green State University, Department of Psychology, Bowling Green, Ohio, USA

  2. 2

    National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, Ohio, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 26 SEP 2012

Abstract

Creating a healthy and safe work environment for employees is a major concern of organizations. This concern has also served as the basis for a great deal of research in a number of disciplines, including psychology. The purpose of this chapter is to review the psychologically based literature related to occupational health and safety, and perhaps more importantly explain how this is used to facilitate healthy and safe work in organizational settings. We do this by first describing the recent development of the field of occupational health psychology (OHP) as a framework for examining occupational health and safety. We then forge into the major topics in the chapter, which will include: (a) conditions within organizations which psychologists have shown to adversely impact employee health, (b) employee safety, (c) “at-risk” groups or those groups of individuals who might be most likely impacted by conditions which negative impact health and safety, and (d) interventions that are designed to improve employee health. The chapter will conclude with a number of suggestions for future research.

Keywords:

  • safety;
  • role stress;
  • workload;
  • occupational health;
  • workplace violence;
  • job insecurity