18. Antibiotics in the Aquatic Environment

  1. Patricia L. Keen2 and
  2. Mark H. M. M. Montforts3
  1. Klaus Kümmerer

Published Online: 7 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/9781118156247.ch18

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment

How to Cite

Kümmerer, K. (2011) Antibiotics in the Aquatic Environment, in Antimicrobial Resistance in the Environment (eds P. L. Keen and M. H. M. M. Montforts), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118156247.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Faculty of Applied Science, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

  2. 3

    National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Bilthoven, The Netherlands

Author Information

  1. Material Resources, Institute of Environmental Chemistry, Leuphana University, Lüneburg, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 DEC 2011
  2. Published Print: 30 DEC 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470905425

Online ISBN: 9781118156247



  • antibiotics in the aquatic environment;
  • antibiotics excreted into effluent, reaching the STP;
  • antibiotics, through sewage sludge


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Sources of Antibiotics in the Environment

  • Presence in the Aquatic Environment

  • Fate in the Aquatic Environment

  • Effects on Bacteria in the Aquatic Environment

  • References