Autism Spectrum Disorders
Published Online: 25 JUN 2012
Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology
How to Cite
Sallows, G. O. and Graupner, T. D. 2012. Autism Spectrum Disorders. Handbook of Evidence-Based Practice in Clinical Psychology.
- Published Online: 25 JUN 2012
Fifty years of research involving persons with autism has seen advances in understanding how behavior is learned, maintained, and generalized, and can be changed to improve one's ability to succeed in everyday life. In this chapter we review the findings of four consensus panels and several meta-analyses published from 1999 to 2010 evaluating interventions for individuals with autism. While most consensus panels used established criteria for determining effectiveness, the National Autism Council did not. Panels arrived at similar lists of effective treatments, but used different criteria for inclusion of studies to be reviewed and for interpretation of results. We therefore reread the many studies on which the panel ratings were based and used a standard published definition for arriving at ratings of effectiveness. Interventions are grouped by treatment focus, with some interventions included in more than one grouping: comprehensive (addressing all deficits), social interaction skills, communication, and behavioral problems.
Keywords: autism treatment; autism spectrum disorders; early intervention; intensive behavioral therapy; effectiveness; best practices