3. OLED Manufacturing Process

  1. Takatoshi Tsujimura

Published Online: 2 APR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118173053.ch3

OLED Displays: Fundamentals and Applications

OLED Displays: Fundamentals and Applications

How to Cite

Tsujimura, T. (2012) OLED Manufacturing Process, in OLED Displays: Fundamentals and Applications, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118173053.ch3

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 2 APR 2012
  2. Published Print: 22 JUN 2012

Book Series:

  1. Wiley-SID Series in Display Technology

Book Series Editors:

  1. Anthony C. Lowe

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118140512

Online ISBN: 9781118173053



  • cyclic voltammetry (CV);
  • electron beam;
  • electron injection layer (EIL);
  • emission layer (EML);
  • evaporation process;
  • hole injection layer (HIL);
  • hole transportation material (HTM);
  • organic light-emitting diode (OLED);
  • Quartz Oscillator


This chapter discusses the process for manufacturing high quality organic light-emitting diode (OLED) devices. Basic material properties are divided into four types: Hole Injection Layer (HIL); Hole Transportation Material (HTM); Emission Layer (EML); Electron Injection Layer (EIL). The evaporation process involves conversion of a solid or a liquid to the vapor state by heating the material in an evaporation source. In electron beam evaporation, an accelerated electron beam is emitted toward the target material to evaporate it. In thickness measurement using a quartz oscillator, the oscillation frequency of the quartz is reduced because of the effective change in mass due to the film formation. The cyclic voltammetry (CV) method, which measures potential and electric current simultaneously, is useful for analyzing electrochemical reactions by determining parameters such as electron transfer speed, reversibility, and chemical dissociation during reaction.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

charge injection; evaporation; organic light emitting diodes; oscillators; voltammetry (chemical analysis)