20. Biological Invasions, Resilience and Restoration

  1. Jelte van Andel3 and
  2. James Aronson4
  1. Mirijam Gaertner1,
  2. Patricia M. Holmes2 and
  3. David M. Richardson1

Published Online: 15 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118223130.ch20

Restoration Ecology: The New Frontier, Second edition

Restoration Ecology: The New Frontier, Second edition

How to Cite

Gaertner, M., Holmes, P. M. and Richardson, D. M. (2012) Biological Invasions, Resilience and Restoration, in Restoration Ecology: The New Frontier, Second edition (eds J. van Andel and J. Aronson), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118223130.ch20

Editor Information

  1. 3

    University of Groningen, Community and Conservation Ecology Group, P.O. Box 11103, 9700 CC Groningen, the Netherlands

  2. 4

    Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS-U.M.R. 5175), Centre d'Écologie Fonctionnelle et Évolutive (CEFE), 1919 route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France

Author Information

  1. 1

    Stellenbosch University, Centre for Invasion Biology, Natural Sciences Building, Private Bag X1, Matieland 7602, South Africa

  2. 2

    Environmental Resource Management Department, City of Cape Town, P.O. Box 11, Berkley Road, Maitland 7404, South Africa

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 13 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444336351

Online ISBN: 9781118223130



  • ecosystem resilience and ecosystem thresholds;
  • biological invasions, and disturbance;
  • ecosystem degradation, and biological invasions;
  • invasive alien species management, and approaches;
  • invasive species' impact on ecosystems, a focused management;
  • biological invasions, drivers of ecosystem degradation, transformation;
  • Acacia, Pinus invasion in South African fynbos, biodiversity hotspot;
  • invasive, plants or ‘transformers’, and ecosystem impact;
  • invasions, genetic impact, altering patterns of natural selection;
  • structural, functional thresholds, and biotic/abiotic changes


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • How do Invasive Alien Plants Impact Ecosystems◊

  • Restoration after Alien Invasion – Success and Failure

  • Incorporating Thresholds in Decision Making for Ecological Restoration

  • Towards a Decision-Making Framework for the Management and Restoration of Invaded Ecosystems

  • Perspectives

  • Acknowledgements