11. Production of Forage Crops Suitable for Feeding Organically Raised Meat Animals

  1. Steven C. Ricke2,
  2. Ellen J. Van Loo3,
  3. Michael G. Johnson2 and
  4. Corliss A. O'Bryan2
  1. Ivan Manolov and
  2. Christina Yancheva

Published Online: 20 FEB 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118229088.ch11

Organic Meat Production and Processing

Organic Meat Production and Processing

How to Cite

Manolov, I. and Yancheva, C. (2012) Production of Forage Crops Suitable for Feeding Organically Raised Meat Animals, in Organic Meat Production and Processing (eds S. C. Ricke, E. J. Van Loo, M. G. Johnson and C. A. O'Bryan), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118229088.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Center for Food Safety, Department of Food Science, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR, USA

  2. 3

    Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium

Author Information

  1. Department of Agrochemistry and Soil Science, Agricultural University, Plovdiv, Bulgaria

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 20 FEB 2012
  2. Published Print: 16 APR 2012

Book Series:

  1. IFT Press

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780813821269

Online ISBN: 9781118229088



  • organic forage crops;
  • cereals;
  • crop rotations;
  • soil fertility;
  • leys;
  • pastures


This chapter briefly reviews how to produce sufficient amount of high-quality forage suitable for the feeding of organically raised meat animals. Possible solutions for securing of forage balance on the farm are well-designed crop rotations. These include rotations of cereals, legumes, and leys. Intercropping, undersowing, and green manuring are also recommended. Maintaining of soil fertility by measures for increasing fixed nitrogen in the soil, mobilization of soil phosphorus and potassium reserves, and manure application, is an important feature for sustainability of forage production in the farm. Pasture management is another important element that influences the sustainability of feeding the organic animals. The main leguminous crops (protein source) and grasses (energy source) are discussed as well. Whole crop forage (fresh or conserved) complements forage balance of an organic stock-breeding farm.