10. The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism

  1. J. B. Stump2 and
  2. Alan G. Padgett3
  1. Alvin Plantinga

Published Online: 19 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118241455.ch10

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

How to Cite

Plantinga, A. (2012) The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism, in The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (eds J. B. Stump and A. G. Padgett), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118241455.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Bethel College, Indiana, USA

  2. 3

    Luther Seminary in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335712

Online ISBN: 9781118241455



  • naturalism, and the evolutionary argument against it;
  • naturalism, answering crucial human questions;
  • naturalism, playing one of the main roles in religion;
  • “Darwin's Doubt,” of human cognition, contributing to true beliefs;
  • naturalists, as committed to materialism;
  • naturalism, as including materialism;
  • true beliefs, facilitating adaptive action;
  • NP and its role, that a belief causes what it does cause;
  • materialism and content of belief, causal factor being NP;
  • science–religion conflict, between science and naturalism


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Evolution and Naturalism

  • Reliability of Our Cognitive Faculties

  • Naturalists Are Committed to Materialism

  • Materialist Construal of Beliefs

  • Reductive and Non-reductive Materialism

  • The Argument against Non-reductive Materialism

  • Reductive Materialism

  • Objection

  • Conclusion

  • Note

  • References

  • Further Reading