20. Quantum Theory and Theology

  1. J. B. Stump2 and
  2. Alan G. Padgett3
  1. Rodney D. Holder

Published Online: 19 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118241455.ch20

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity

How to Cite

Holder, R. D. (2012) Quantum Theory and Theology, in The Blackwell Companion to Science and Christianity (eds J. B. Stump and A. G. Padgett), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118241455.ch20

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Bethel College, Indiana, USA

  2. 3

    Luther Seminary in Saint Paul, Minnesota, USA

Author Information

  1. St Edmund's College, Cambridge, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444335712

Online ISBN: 9781118241455



  • quantum theory and theology, and implications;
  • two-slit experiment and wave-particle duality;
  • Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle;
  • Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Experiment;
  • EPR paradox, and “measurement problem”;
  • Quantum holism, EPR experiment, and unified quantum system;
  • quantum theory, reality as “observer-created”;
  • realist view, the way scientists view activities;
  • quantum theory, in consonance with Christian Doctrine;
  • the mystery of God as “one God, Father, Son and Holy Spirit”


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • The Two-Slit Experiment and Wave-Particle Duality

  • Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle

  • Schrödinger's Cat

  • The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen Experiment

  • Interpretation: Quantum Reality?

  • Critical Realism in Science and Theology

  • Determinism, Human Free Will, and Divine Action

  • Consonance with Christian Doctrine

  • References

  • Further Reading