11. Leveraging Examples in e-Learning

  1. Ruth Colvin Clark and
  2. Richard E. Mayer

Published Online: 4 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118255971.ch11

e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition

e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition

How to Cite

Clark, R. C. and Mayer, R. E. (2011) Leveraging Examples in e-Learning, in e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition, Pfeiffer, San Francisco, CA, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118255971.ch11

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 1 AUG 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470874301

Online ISBN: 9781118255971

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Keywords:

  • e-learning;
  • multimedia principles;
  • problem solving;
  • self-explanation question;
  • worked examples

Summary

The most recent research has extended guidelines on worked examples used to illustrate well-structured math solutions to worked examples for tasks that involve problem solving and multiple appropriate solutions. This chapter discusses important new research on modeling examples— worked examples that incorporate people as they are solving problems or as they demonstrate interpersonal tasks such as teaching or selling. It also discusses the application of the multimedia principles to worked examples as well as design techniques to promote far transfer. Worked examples can be designed to help learners build procedural skills such as how to use a spreadsheet or strategic skills such as how to conduct a negotiation. A self-explanation question is an interaction—often multiple choice in e-learning—that requires the learner to review the worked out step(s) and identify the underlying principles or rationale behind them.

Controlled Vocabulary Terms

examples; learning; multimedia; problem solving