8. Applying the Coherence Principle: Adding Material Can Hurt Learning

  1. Ruth Colvin Clark and
  2. Richard E. Mayer

Published Online: 4 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118255971.ch8

e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition

e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition

How to Cite

Clark, R. C. and Mayer, R. E. (2011) Applying the Coherence Principle: Adding Material Can Hurt Learning, in e-Learning and the Science of Instruction: Proven Guidelines for Consumers and Designers of Multimedia Learning, Third Edition, Pfeiffer, San Francisco, CA, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118255971.ch8

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 JAN 2012
  2. Published Print: 1 AUG 2011

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470874301

Online ISBN: 9781118255971

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Keywords:

  • e-Lesson;
  • extraneous audio;
  • extraneous graphics;
  • extraneous word;
  • e-Learning

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Coherence Principle 1: Avoid e-Lessons with Extraneous Audio

  • Psychological Reasons to Avoid Extraneous Audio in e-Learning

  • Evidence for Omitting Extraneous Audio

  • Coherence Principle 2: Avoid e-Lessons with Extraneous Graphics

  • Psychological Reasons to Avoid Extraneous Graphics in e-Learning

  • Evidence for Omitting Extraneous Graphics Added for Interest

  • Evidence for Using Simpler Visuals

  • Coherence Principle 3: Avoid e-Lessons with Extraneous Words

  • Psychological Reasons to Avoid Extraneous Words in e-Learning

  • Evidence for Omitting Extraneous Words Added for Interest

  • Evidence for Omitting Extraneous Words Added to Expand on Key Ideas

  • Evidence for Omitting Extraneous Words Added for Technical Depth

  • What We Don't Know About Coherence