10. Eukaryotic Skeletal Formation

  1. Andrew H. Knoll3,
  2. Donald E. Canfield4 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser5
  1. Adam F. Wallace1,
  2. Dongbo Wang2,
  3. Laura M. Hamm2,
  4. Andrew H. Knoll3 and
  5. Patricia M. Dove2

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch10

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Wallace, A. F., Wang, D., Hamm, L. M., Knoll, A. H. and Dove, P. M. (2012) Eukaryotic Skeletal Formation, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 4

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 5

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Earth Sciences Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley CA 94720, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Geosciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg VA 24061, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874



  • eukaryotic skeletal, and protein function in vivo;
  • biologically controlled, routes to mineralized skeletons;
  • molecular biologists, genetic expression of biomolecular species;
  • skeletal chemistry, to infer past environments;
  • calcium carbonate and silica mineralizers;
  • mineralization, by unicellular, multicellular organisms;
  • biomolecules, in diatom cell wall mineralization;
  • skeleton-forming eukaryotes, from phylogeny, fossil records;
  • skeleton formation, interplay of organism and environment;
  • changes in marine, cost/benefit ratio of skeleton, of ocean life


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Mineralization by unicellular organisms

  • Mineralization by multicellular organisms

  • A brief history of skeletons

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements

  • References