11. Plants and Animals as Geobiological Agents

  1. Andrew H. Knoll3,
  2. Donald E. Canfield4 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser5
  1. David J. Beerling1 and
  2. Nicholas J. Butterfield2

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch11

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Beerling, D. J. and Butterfield, N. J. (2012) Plants and Animals as Geobiological Agents, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch11

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 4

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 5

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Animal and Plant Sciences, University of Sheffield, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK

  2. 2

    Department of Earth Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 2EQ, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874



  • plants and animals, as geobiological agents;
  • geobiological agents, geological, evolutionary timescales;
  • altering energy balances of the landscape;
  • soil water, ecosystem evapotranspiration regulation;
  • the high arctic, effects of vegetation on climate;
  • net ecosystem, NPP less carbon lost, via respiration;
  • plant–fungus, of EMF, different from that of AMF;
  • geobiological, of animal bioturbation, infaunal behaviours;
  • animals, plants engineering one another, over time scales;
  • reengineering, of planetary, climate and biodiversity


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Land plants as geobiological agents

  • Animals as geobiological agents

  • Conclusions

  • Acknowledgements

  • References