18. Mineralogical Co-Evolution of the Geosphere and Biosphere

  1. Andrew H. Knoll3,
  2. Donald E. Canfield4 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser5
  1. Robert M. Hazen1 and
  2. Dominic Papineau2

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch18

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Hazen, R. M. and Papineau, D. (2012) Mineralogical Co-Evolution of the Geosphere and Biosphere, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch18

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 4

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 5

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Geophysical Laboratory, Carnegie Institution of Washington, 5251 Broad Branch Road NW, Washington, DC 20015, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Boston College, 140 Commonwealth Avenue, Chestnut Hill, MA 02467, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874



  • mineralogical co-evolution of geosphere, biosphere;
  • Prebiotic mineral evolution I, from meteorites;
  • Prebiotic mineral evolution II, crust, mantle reworking;
  • anoxic Archean biosphere;
  • The GOE, on Earth's near-surface mineralogy;
  • billion years of stasis, sulfidic ocean conditions;
  • snowball Earth, decreased CO2 and severe glaciations;
  • early Cambrian, skeletal, dominating near-surface mineralogy;
  • Earth's near-surface mineralogy, three principal mechanisms;
  • mineral evolution, in a logical progression


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Prebiotic mineral evolution I – evidence from meteorites

  • Prebiotic mineral evolution II – crust and mantle reworking

  • The anoxic Archean biosphere

  • The Great Oxidation Event

  • A billion years of stasis

  • The snowball Earth

  • The rise of skeletal mineralization

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements

  • References