3. The Global Carbon Cycle: Geological Processes

  1. Andrew H. Knoll3,
  2. Donald E. Canfield4 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser5
  1. Klaus Wallmann1 and
  2. Giovanni Aloisi1,2

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch3

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Wallmann, K. and Aloisi, G. (2012) The Global Carbon Cycle: Geological Processes, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch3

Editor Information

  1. 3

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 4

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 5

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Leibniz Institute for Marine Sciences (IFM-GEOMAR), Wischhofstrasse, 1-3; 24148, Kiel, Germany

  2. 2

    UMR CNRS 7159LOCEAN, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris, France

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874



  • global carbon cycle, and geological processes;
  • geological carbon cycle;
  • proxies and models, carbon cycling over Earth's history;
  • physical erosion, continental sediment recycling;
  • carbonate minerals, effects on geological carbon cycling;
  • organic carbon burial flux, mantle-CO2 fluxes for magma;
  • silicate weathering, organic carbon burial, of the CO2 sink;
  • balancing geological carbon cycle, a million year timescale;
  • geological C cycle, and new Earth system models


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Organic carbon cycling

  • Carbonate cycling

  • Mantle degassing

  • Metamorphism

  • Silicate weathering

  • Feedbacks

  • Balancing the geological carbon cycle

  • Evolution of the geological carbon cycle through Earth's history: proxies and models

  • The geological C cycle through time

  • Limitations and perspectives

  • References