6. The Global Iron Cycle

  1. Andrew H. Knoll4,
  2. Donald E. Canfield5 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser6
  1. Brian Kendall1,
  2. Ariel D. Anbar1,2,
  3. Andreas Kappler3 and
  4. Kurt O. Konhauser6

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch6

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Kendall, B., Anbar, A. D., Kappler, A. and Konhauser, K. O. (2012) The Global Iron Cycle, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 5

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 6

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe AZ 85287, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Arizona, State University, Tempe AZ 85287, USA

  3. 3

    Geomicrobiology, Center for Applied Geosciences, University of Tübingen, Sigwartstrasse 10, 72076, Tübingen, Germany

  4. 6

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874



  • global iron cycle;
  • iron scarcity, limiting biological productivity;
  • chemical behaviour of iron on oxygenated Earth;
  • inorganic geochemistry of iron, and redox conditions;
  • iron in modern biology, and biogeochemical cycles;
  • microbial iron redox, under acidic and neutral pH;
  • iron, carbon biogeochemistry, and Earth surface oxygenation;
  • Paleoproterozoic Great Oxidation Event, on the iron cycle;
  • microbial processes, iron- and silica-rich layers in BIFs;
  • iron micronutrient, Fe(III) chelators, satisfying the scarcity


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Overview

  • The inorganic geochemistry of iron: redox and reservoirs

  • Iron in modern biology and biogeochemical cycles

  • Iron through time

  • Summary

  • Acknowledgements

  • References