7. The Global Oxygen Cycle

  1. Andrew H. Knoll2,
  2. Donald E. Canfield3 and
  3. Kurt O. Konhauser4
  1. James F. Kasting1 and
  2. Donald E. Canfield3

Published Online: 29 MAR 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch7

Fundamentals of Geobiology

Fundamentals of Geobiology

How to Cite

Kasting, J. F. and Canfield, D. E. (2012) The Global Oxygen Cycle, in Fundamentals of Geobiology (eds A. H. Knoll, D. E. Canfield and K. O. Konhauser), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118280874.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University, Cambridge MA 02138, USA

  2. 3

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

  3. 4

    Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E3, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Geosciences, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA

  2. 3

    Institute of Biology Nordic Center for Earth Evolution, University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 MAR 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 APR 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118280812

Online ISBN: 9781118280874

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Keywords:

  • global oxygen cycle;
  • chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen;
  • oxygen's role in metabolism;
  • redox balance, and conservation of electrons;
  • modern O2 cycle, the O2 sink and serpentinization;
  • O2, from leaks in the marine organic carbon cycle;
  • hydrogen escape, diffusion through homopause;
  • low atmospheric O2 effects, on global redox budget;
  • atmospheric O2 rise, with redox balance mandatory

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • The chemistry and biochemistry of oxygen

  • The concept of redox balance

  • The modern O2 cycle

  • Cycling of O2 and H2 on the early Earth

  • Synthesis: speculations about the timing and cause of the rise of atmospheric O2

  • References