12. Outbreaks and Ecosystem Services

  1. Pedro Barbosa2,
  2. Deborah K. Letourneau3 and
  3. Anurag A. Agrawal4,5
  1. Timothy D. Schowalter

Published Online: 29 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118295205.ch12

Insect Outbreaks Revisited

Insect Outbreaks Revisited

How to Cite

Schowalter, T. D. (2012) Outbreaks and Ecosystem Services, in Insect Outbreaks Revisited (eds P. Barbosa, D. K. Letourneau and A. A. Agrawal), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118295205.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 USA

  2. 3

    Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA

  3. 4

    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA

  4. 5

    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA

Author Information

  1. Entomology Department, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JUN 2012
  2. Published Print: 27 JUL 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444337594

Online ISBN: 9781118295205



  • outbreaks and ecosystem services;
  • ecosystems, humans, and other organisms depending for survival;
  • herbivorous insects, affecting ecosystem services;
  • substantial expenditures in pest control;
  • effects on supporting services;
  • insect outbreaks, negative effects less on primary production;
  • biogeochemical cycling, affecting carbon, nutrient sequestration;
  • insect outbreaks, management goals and perspectives;
  • insecticides in agroecosystems, interfering with natural target “pests”


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Effects on provisioning services

  • Effects on cultural services

  • Effects on supporting services

  • Effects on regulating services

  • Conclusions

  • References