13. Evidence for Outbreaks from the Fossil Record of Insect Herbivory

  1. Pedro Barbosa2,
  2. Deborah K. Letourneau3 and
  3. Anurag A. Agrawal4,5
  1. Conrad C. Labandeira

Published Online: 29 JUN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118295205.ch13

Insect Outbreaks Revisited

Insect Outbreaks Revisited

How to Cite

Labandeira, C. C. (2012) Evidence for Outbreaks from the Fossil Record of Insect Herbivory, in Insect Outbreaks Revisited (eds P. Barbosa, D. K. Letourneau and A. A. Agrawal), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118295205.ch13

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742 USA

  2. 3

    Environmental Studies Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA

  3. 4

    Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA

  4. 5

    Department of Entomology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA

Author Information

  1. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC 20013-7012, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 29 JUN 2012
  2. Published Print: 27 JUL 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444337594

Online ISBN: 9781118295205



  • genetics and evolution;
  • outbreaks, from fossil records of insect herbivory;
  • insect outbreaks in shallow time, and Holocene spruce budworm;
  • Gigantopterids at Taint, Early Permian of the redbed sequence;
  • macroevolutionary significance of insect outbreaks;
  • insect outbreaks, a broad operational definition;
  • rocky mountain grasshopper, forage consumption;
  • insect outbreaks in deep time, folivory from fossil floras;
  • insect outbreaks, macroevolutionary significance;
  • phylogenetic constraints on herbivory patterns


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • A broad operational definition of insect outbreaks in the fossil record

  • The curious case of the discovery, outbreaks, and extinction of the rocky mountain grasshopper

  • Insect outbreaks in shallow time: The holocene spruce budworm and eastern hemlock looper

  • Insect outbreaks in deep time: focused folivory from four fossil floras

  • The macroevolutionary significance of insect outbreaks

  • Summary and conclusions

  • Acknowledgments

  • References