4. City, Country, Hegemony

Antonio Gramsci's Spatial Historicism

  1. Ekers Michael,
  2. Hart Gillian,
  3. Kipfer Stefan and
  4. Loftus Alex
  1. Stefan Kipfer

Published Online: 16 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118295588.ch4

Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics

Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics

How to Cite

Michael, E., Gillian, H., Stefan, K. and Alex, L. (2012) City, Country, Hegemony, in Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118295588.ch4

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 OCT 2012
  2. Published Print: 17 DEC 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444339710

Online ISBN: 9781118295588



  • Gramsci's historicism;
  • hegemony;
  • rurality;
  • spatial historicism;
  • urbanization


This chapter aims to demonstrate that the spatial aspects of Antonio Gramsci's work do not contradict his historicism. Gramsci's historicism is spatial: his geographically nuanced analysis of social relations and political projects emerged out of the same method that yielded his historically differentiated insights. After an opening discussion of Gramsci's historicism and the role of space therein, the chapter concentrates on Gramsci's treatment of the relationship between city and countryside. Gramsci's discussion of city and countryside allows to establish most clearly the difference between his historicism and diffusionist treatments of urbanization in modernization theory. In today's urbanizing world, considerations of spatial organization are vital not only for the prospects of hegemony, but also for the future of the planet. For this purpose, Gramsci's emphasis on hegemony as a project to transform, not magnify, spatial divides (rural, urban, or otherwise) is more crucial than ever.