7. Space, Ecology, and Politics in the Praxis of the Brazilian Landless Movement

  1. Ekers Michael,
  2. Hart Gillian,
  3. Kipfer Stefan and
  4. Loftus Alex
  1. Abdurazack Karriem

Published Online: 16 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118295588.ch7

Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics

Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics

How to Cite

Michael, E., Gillian, H., Stefan, K. and Alex, L. (2012) Space, Ecology, and Politics in the Praxis of the Brazilian Landless Movement, in Gramsci: Space, Nature, Politics, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118295588.ch7

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 16 OCT 2012
  2. Published Print: 17 DEC 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444339710

Online ISBN: 9781118295588



  • agroecology;
  • Brazilian Landless Movement (MST);
  • Gramsci's philosophy of praxis;
  • politics;
  • space


This chapter commences by outlining the theoretical considerations focusing on how politics, space, and nature congeal in Antonio Gramsci's philosophy of praxis. It then proceeds to analyze the Brazilian Landless Movement (MST)'s early history and illustrates how space and politics manifest themselves in struggles for land and a popular project of social transformation. Subsequently, it investigates the factors that shaped the transition to agroecology, arguing that agroecological experiences at the land reform settlement scale were key in informing the movement's political ecological praxis. The chapter then evaluates MST mobilizations that contest corporate control over seeds. Finally, the chapter summarizes the key arguments discussed, reflects on the difference Gramscian reading makes on the understanding of the MST, and briefly appraises how the MST's praxis pushes the reader to rethink Gramsci in the contemporary conjuncture.