10. ILLEGAL ANIMAL AND (BUSH) MEAT TRADE ASSOCIATED RISK OF SPREAD OF VIRAL INFECTIONS

  1. Sunit K. Singh
  1. Christopher Kilonzo1,
  2. Thomas J. Stopka2 and
  3. Bruno Chomel3

Published Online: 18 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118297469.ch10

Viral Infections and Global Change

Viral Infections and Global Change

How to Cite

Kilonzo, C., Stopka, T. J. and Chomel, B. (2013) ILLEGAL ANIMAL AND (BUSH) MEAT TRADE ASSOCIATED RISK OF SPREAD OF VIRAL INFECTIONS, in Viral Infections and Global Change (ed S. K. Singh), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118297469.ch10

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Population Health and Reproduction, School of Veterinary Medicine, University of California, Davis, CA, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 15 OCT 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118297872

Online ISBN: 9781118297469

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Keywords:

  • bushmeat trade;
  • habitat conservation;
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV);
  • illegal animal trade;
  • viral infections;
  • wildlife sustainability;
  • zoonoses

Summary

Bushmeat plays an important role in local economies, human sustenance, nutrition, international trade, culture, and the reduction of biodiversity. A number of ecological and behavioral factors contribute to increased risk of exposure to zoonoses through the bushmeat trade. While habitat conservation and wildlife sustainability may not be foremost on the mind of disease prevention specialists, opportunities to engage members of diverse communities exist that could lead to mutually beneficial collaboration across such disciplines. This chapter considers human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as a case study to emphasize the worldwide impact that zoonoses can have on public health and to suggest steps that can be taken to prevent and addresses future zoonotic pandemics. It provides a detailed overview of knowledge surrounding the bushmeat trade, illegal animal trade, and emerging zoonoses and to suggest future directions in research and policy.