10. Principles and Descriptions of Special Techniques

  1. P. Prithvi Raj MBBS, FFARCS (Eng), FIPP1 and
  2. Serdar Erdine MD, FIPP2

Published Online: 4 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118300480.ch10

Pain-Relieving Procedures: The Illustrated Guide

Pain-Relieving Procedures: The Illustrated Guide

How to Cite

Raj, P. P. and Erdine, S. (2012) Principles and Descriptions of Special Techniques, in Pain-Relieving Procedures: The Illustrated Guide, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118300480.ch10

Author Information

  1. 1

    Departments of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Lubbock, Texas, USA

  2. 2

    Istanbul Pain Center, Istanbul, Turkey

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 20 JUL 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470670385

Online ISBN: 9781118300480



  • special techniques, principles and descriptions;
  • RF lesion making, RF generators, Model RFG-1A and Model G4 Graphics-Four;
  • continuous RF and pulsed RF circuits, temperature control, and lesion timers;
  • RF heat lesion generation physical principles, processes involved;
  • current tissue RF patterns, between active lesion and dispersive electrodes;
  • simple rules associated with RF lesion making, Rules 1, 2, 3, 4;
  • typical lesion sizes, as functions of electrode geometries and tip temperatures;
  • RF electrode configurations in specific clinical procedures;
  • RF electrodes for trigeminal ganglion lesioning, using Cosman TIC Kit;
  • ultrasonography physics, pain procedures under ultrasound


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Radiofrequency lesions (contributed by Eric R. Cosman Sr and Eric R. Cosman Jr)

  • Principles of ultrasonography

  • Further reading