Origin, Transport Processes and Distribution Pattern of Modern Sediments in the Yellow Sea

  1. Michael Z. Li4,
  2. Christopher R. Sherwood5 and
  3. Philip R. Hill6
  1. Xuefa Shi1,
  2. Yanguang Liu1,
  3. Zhihua Chen1,
  4. Jianwei Wei1,
  5. Shulan Ge1,
  6. Kunshan Wang1,
  7. Guoqing Wang1,
  8. Shouye Yang2,
  9. Shuqing Qiao1,
  10. Deling Cai1,
  11. Zhenbo Cheng1,
  12. Wenrui Bu1 and
  13. Hi-Ii Yi3

Published Online: 3 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118311172.ch16

Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications

Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications

How to Cite

Shi, X., Liu, Y., Chen, Z., Wei, J., Ge, S., Wang, K., Wang, G., Yang, S., Qiao, S., Cai, D., Cheng, Z., Bu, W. and Yi, H.-I. (2012) Origin, Transport Processes and Distribution Pattern of Modern Sediments in the Yellow Sea, in Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications (eds M. Z. Li, C. R. Sherwood and P. R. Hill), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118311172.ch16

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Geological Survey of Canada (Atlantic), Natural Resources Canada, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2 Canada

  2. 5

    U. S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1598 USA

  3. 6

    Natural Resources Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada V8L 4B2

Author Information

  1. 1

    Key Laboratory of Marine Sedimentology and Environmental Geology, First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, 266061, China

  2. 2

    Laboratory of Marine Geology, Tongji University, Shanghai, China

  3. 3

    Paleoceanographic Environmental Research Center, Korea Ocean R & D Institute, Ansan, South Korea

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 26 JAN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444350821

Online ISBN: 9781118311172

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Keywords:

  • origin;
  • transport processes;
  • distribution of sediments;
  • Yellow Sea

Summary

A full-view map of surface sediment types in the Yellow Sea is compiled using the results of grain-size analysis of about 900 samples and several published charts close to Korean Peninsula side. This updated map defines the classification and distribution of surface sediments in the Yellow Sea, and clearly illustrates that there are three patches of muddy sediments in the northern, central and southeastern Yellow Sea, while coarse-grained sandy sediments are distributed mainly in the coastal zones. Clay minerals and bulk chemical analysis of surface sediments, together with suspended matter concentrations and organic carbon isotope compositions (δ13C), reveal that sediment transport and deposition in the Yellow Sea are controlled by marine circulation, coastal currents, tidal currents and river runoff. Seaward dispersal and cross-shelf transport of the modern and old Huanghe (Yellow River) discharges provide the main source for surface sediments in the western and central Yellow Sea, while sediments in the east of Yellow Sea have multiple origins. Grain-size trend analysis indicates a sedimentation centre at about 123.4°E, 35.1°N in the central Yellow Sea. According to sediment characteristics and sedimentary dynamic conditions, we classify the Yellow Sea into four depositional provinces; namely, delta (subaqueous-delta) muddy province, circulation muddy province, tidal sand ridge province and relict sediment province. Finally, we establish a depositional model for mud deposits that describes the formation of large patches of mud in northern and central Yellow Sea as products of a cyclonic eddy, while the mud in southeastern Yellow Sea is formed under the action of an anticyclonic eddy.