Recent Advances in Instrumentation Used to Study Sediment Transport

  1. Michael Z. Li2,
  2. Christopher R. Sherwood3 and
  3. Philip R. Hill4
  1. Jon J. Williams

Published Online: 3 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118311172.ch9

Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications

Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications

How to Cite

Williams, J. J. (2012) Recent Advances in Instrumentation Used to Study Sediment Transport, in Sediments, Morphology and Sedimentary Processes on Continental Shelves: Advances in Technologies, Research, and Applications (eds M. Z. Li, C. R. Sherwood and P. R. Hill), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, West Sussex, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118311172.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 2

    Geological Survey of Canada (Atlantic), Natural Resources Canada, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, Nova Scotia, B2Y 4A2 Canada

  2. 3

    U. S. Geological Survey, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1598 USA

  3. 4

    Natural Resources Canada, Sidney, BC, Canada V8L 4B2

Author Information

  1. School of Geography, University of Plymouth, Plymouth, Devon, PL4 8AA, United Kingdom

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 26 JAN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444350821

Online ISBN: 9781118311172

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Keywords:

  • marine instrumentation;
  • acoustics;
  • optics;
  • boundary layers;
  • bedforms;
  • flow;
  • bedload

Summary

Recent technological innovations in acoustics and optics have lead to the development of novel instrumentation to simultaneously measure fluid flow, bed morphology and sediment transport at unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution in the laboratory and in the field. This has given new insights into sedimentary processes which in turn have allowed the advancement of models to predict sediment transport with improved accuracy. Although our present understanding of sediment processes is still incomplete, and our ability to predict the amount of sediment transported in a given hydrodynamic regime remains at best within a factor of two, technological advances continue to unravel the complexities of sediment dynamics and contribute to the development of improved predictive tools.