33. Parrondo's Perplexing Paradox (1996)

  1. Prakash Gorroochurn

Published Online: 7 MAY 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118314340.ch33

Classic Problems of Probability

Classic Problems of Probability

How to Cite

Gorroochurn, P. (2012) Parrondo's Perplexing Paradox (1996), in Classic Problems of Probability, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, USA. doi: 10.1002/9781118314340.ch33

Author Information

  1. Department of Biostatistics, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 7 MAY 2012
  2. Published Print: 8 JUN 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118063255

Online ISBN: 9781118314340



  • Parrondo's Perplexing Paradox (1996);
  • games G1, G2, and G3, each of which $1 being won with a head;
  • random playing of two losing games, and the player coming out a winner!;
  • Parrondo's Paradox, one that does not use Markov chains;
  • Parrondo's Paradox, a truly path-breaking phenomenon


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Discussion