12. Acute Viral Hepatitis in Adults and Children: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, and Others

  1. E. Jenny Heathcote MB, BS, MD, FRCP, FRCP(C)4,5,6,7
  1. Hemant A. Shah MD, FRCP(C)1,5 and
  2. Eve A. Roberts MD, MA, FRCPC2,3

Published Online: 4 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118314968.ch12

Hepatology: Diagnosis and Clinical Management

Hepatology: Diagnosis and Clinical Management

How to Cite

Shah, H. A. and Roberts, E. A. (2012) Acute Viral Hepatitis in Adults and Children: Hepatitis A, B, C, D, E, and Others, in Hepatology: Diagnosis and Clinical Management (ed E. J. Heathcote), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118314968.ch12

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Francis Family Chair in Hepatology Research, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  2. 5

    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  3. 6

    Patient Based Clinical Research Division, Toronto Western Research Institute, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  4. 7

    University Health Network/Toronto Western Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Liver Centre, Division of Gastroenterology, Toronto Western Hospital, University Health Network, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  2. 2

    Departments of Paediatrics, Medicine, and Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  3. 3

    Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

  4. 5

    University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 4 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 12 OCT 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470656174

Online ISBN: 9781118314968

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Keywords:

  • hepatitis A virus;
  • hepatitis B virus;
  • hepatitis C virus;
  • hepatitis D virus;
  • hepatitis E virus;
  • congenital infection;
  • neonatal liver failure;
  • viral hepatitis;
  • acute;
  • chronic

Summary

Acute viral hepatitis spans a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations in children and adults. A detailed medical history and appropriate selection of laboratory tests will aid in the diagnosis and help distinguish acute from chronic disease. Treatment should be selected based on identification of the causal virus and is available for acute hepatitis B, acute hepatitis C, and neonatal liver failure due to herpes simplex viruses. Acute liver failure in children may be due to virus(es) not yet identified. Public health measures, including vaccination and clean water, are important prevention tools for acute viral hepatitis.