20. Buddhist Philosophy of Logic1

  1. Steven M. Emmanuel
  1. Koji Tanaka

Published Online: 5 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118324004.ch20

A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy

A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy

How to Cite

Tanaka, K. (2013) Buddhist Philosophy of Logic1, in A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy (ed S. M. Emmanuel), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118324004.ch20

Author Information

  1. University of Auckland, New Zealand

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 FEB 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470658772

Online ISBN: 9781118324004



  • Buddhist philosophy;
  • epistemology;
  • inference;
  • logic


Logic in Buddhist philosophy concerns the systematic study of anumāna (often translated as inference) as developed by Dignāga and Dharmakīrti. The focus of this chapter is on the tradition of Buddhist philosophy called pramānavada, which is concerned mainly with epistemology and logic. The chapter contains a discussion of the philosophy of logic that is attributable to Buddhist logicians. It examines what “inference” or “logic” might mean for Buddhist logicians and then sketches the Buddhist conception of the nature of logic by uncovering some of the presuppositions that underlie the thoughts expressed in Buddhist logic texts. Epistemology in the Buddhist philosophical tradition is generally concerned with instruments or sources of knowledge.