7. East Asian Buddhism

  1. Steven M. Emmanuel
  1. Ronald S. Green

Published Online: 5 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118324004.ch7

A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy

A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy

How to Cite

Green, R. S. (2013) East Asian Buddhism, in A Companion to Buddhist Philosophy (ed S. M. Emmanuel), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118324004.ch7

Author Information

  1. Coastal Carolina University, South Carolina, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 5 FEB 2013
  2. Published Print: 25 MAR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470658772

Online ISBN: 9781118324004



  • Chan;
  • East Asian Buddhism;
  • Faxiang;
  • Huayan;
  • Pure Land;
  • Sanlun;
  • Tiantai;
  • Zhenyan


The Daoist–Buddhist syncretism movement helped popularize Buddhism, which in turn enabled monks to exercise social influence. Such influence eventually contributed to the four major Buddhist persecutions in China and further shaped the development of Buddhist philosophy in East Asia. This chapter indicates the shift from Indian and Central Asian to Chinese founders, which is not only an ethnic change but a doctrinal one. The philosophies of these East Asian Mahāyāna schools and the Zhenyan tradition are described in the chapter. The traditions discussed include New Sanlun, Tiantai, Huayan, Pure Land, Chan, and Faxiang traditions.