6. Native Americans, Ecosystem Development, and Historical Range of Variation

  1. John A. Wiens4,5,
  2. Gregory D. Hayward6,7,
  3. Hugh D. Safford8,9 and
  4. Catherine M. Giffen10
  1. Gregory J. Nowacki1,
  2. Douglas W. MacCleery2 and
  3. Frank K. Lake3

Published Online: 8 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118329726.ch6

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management

How to Cite

Nowacki, G. J., MacCleery, D. W. and Lake, F. K. (2012) Native Americans, Ecosystem Development, and Historical Range of Variation, in Historical Environmental Variation in Conservation and Natural Resource Management (eds J. A. Wiens, G. D. Hayward, H. D. Safford and C. M. Giffen), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118329726.ch6

Editor Information

  1. 4

    PRBO Conservation Science, 3820 Cypress Dr #11, Petaluma, CA 94954, USA

  2. 5

    School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 2006, Australia

  3. 6

    USDA Forest Service, Alaska Region, 3301 C Street, Anchorage, AK 99504, USA

  4. 7

    USDA Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Region, Lakewood, CO 80401, USA

  5. 8

    USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Region, Vallejo, CA 94592, USA

  6. 9

    Department of Environmental Science and Policy, University of California, Davis, CA 95616, USA

  7. 10

    USDA Forest Service, National Office Washington, DC, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    USDA Forest Service, Eastern Regional Office, 626 E. Wisconsin Avenue, Milwaukee, WI 53202, USA

  2. 2

    USDA Forest Service, Washington Office, Forest Management (retired), P.O. Box 96090, Washington, DC 20090 - 6090, USA

  3. 3

    USDA Forest Service, Pacific Southwest Research Station, Redding Silviculture Laboratory, 3644 Avtech Parkway, Redding, CA 96002, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 8 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 10 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444337921

Online ISBN: 9781118329726

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Keywords:

  • Native Americans, ecosystem development, and HRV;
  • North American ecosystems today, and human effects on past ecosystems;
  • North American ecosystems reorganized with human arrival, the Holocene Epoch;
  • megafaunal extinction at the hands of humans;
  • post-megafauna world, trajectories different from interglacial period;
  • North America, fire- and weapon-toting humans, megaherbivory to human-based;
  • human-modified landscapes, human impact in concentric rings;
  • burning practices by diverse tribal groups, across the Pacific Northwest;
  • rapid change in grassland/oak vegetation, coinciding with European settlement;
  • Native Americans and HRV, indigenous in ecosystem dynamics

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Human Entry into the “New World”

  • Ecosystems after Megafauna - Humans Begin to Take Control

  • Human-Modified Landscapes at the Eve of European Contact

  • Native Americans and the HRV Concept

  • References