7. Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder

  1. Gregoris Simos2 and
  2. Stefan G. Hofmann3
  1. Anke Ehlers

Published Online: 17 MAR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118330043.ch7

CBT for Anxiety Disorders: A Practitioner Book

CBT for Anxiety Disorders: A Practitioner Book

How to Cite

Ehlers, A. (2013) Trauma-Focused Cognitive Behavior Therapy for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Acute Stress Disorder, in CBT for Anxiety Disorders: A Practitioner Book (eds G. Simos and S. G. Hofmann), John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118330043.ch7

Editor Information

  1. 2

    University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece

  2. 3

    Boston University, Boston, MA, USA

Author Information

  1. University of Oxford, Oxford, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 MAR 2013
  2. Published Print: 17 APR 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470975534

Online ISBN: 9781118330043

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Keywords:

  • acute stress disorder (ASD);
  • anxiety disorders;
  • comorbidity;
  • medication management;
  • posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD);
  • trauma-focused cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT)

Summary

This chapter discusses the trauma-focused cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) procedures for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and acute stress disorder (ASD). The treatment procedures for PTSD and ASD are same. Cognitive therapy for PTSD (CT-PTSD) is designed for people who have experienced or witnessed situations of extreme threat, usually involving threat to life or physical integrity (e.g., assault, severe accident, disaster, or sexual abuse). PTSD shows a substantial comorbidity with mood disorders, other anxiety disorders, substance use disorders, and somatization. The chapter also describes how treatment may have to be adapted if comorbid conditions need to be addressed. Although treatment guidelines recommend trauma-focused psychological treatments as the first-line treatments for PTSD, they acknowledge a role for medication.