16. The Genetics of Morphology
- David R. Begun
Published Online: 14 JAN 2013
Copyright © Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
A Companion to Paleoanthropology
How to Cite
Sherwood, R. J. and Duren, D. L. The Genetics of Morphology, in A Companion to Paleoanthropology (ed D. R. Begun), Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford. doi: 10.1002/9781118332344.ch16
- Published Online: 14 JAN 2013
Print ISBN: 9781444331165
Online ISBN: 9781118332344
- craniofacial complex;
- genetic influences;
- quantitative genetic approaches
Current understanding of the genetic underpinnings of human and nonhuman primate morphology comes primarily from three sources: extrapolation from developmental studies of fish or avian animal models, analysis of morphology affected by genetic abnormalities in humans, or from the application of modern quantitative genetic approaches including genome-wide linkage analyses. This chapter explores the genetic influences on morphology, focusing on examples from the craniofacial complex, and examines the relevance to the evolution of the primate form. Many animal models have been used to explore the genetic underpinnings of craniofacial structures. The chapter examines a quantitative genetic approach to dental genetics in primates following the discussion of the genetics of mouse dentition. It also explores current work on the quantitative genetics of the human and non-human craniofacial complex.