28. Bilingualism and Multilingualism in North America

  1. Tej K. Bhatia and
  2. William C. Ritchie
  1. William F. MacKey

Published Online: 3 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118332382.ch28

The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition

The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition

How to Cite

MacKey, W. F. (2012) Bilingualism and Multilingualism in North America, in The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition (eds T. K. Bhatia and W. C. Ritchie), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118332382.ch28

Editor Information

  1. Syracuse University, USA

Author Information

  1. Laval University, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 OCT 2012
  2. Published Print: 7 NOV 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334906

Online ISBN: 9781118332382

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Keywords:

  • American plurilingualism;
  • bilingual communities;
  • language contact;
  • multilingualism;
  • North American bilingualism

Summary

This chapter begins by establishing its terms of reference, followed by an overview of the nature of language contact and plurilingualism in North America. It then describes its borderlands, its people and the languages spoken, their bilingual communities, trends and prospects for the future, and finally a brief guide to research on bilingualism in North America. Basic to the study of bilingualism in any area are the identification and location of its languages. The variables of bilingualism are equally applicable to the use of three or more languages, that is, to cases of multilingualism. Although North Americans have had a worldwide reputation as English-speaking monolinguals, the incidence of plurilingualism in North America is generally high.