36. Bilingualism/Multilingualism in the Middle East and North Africa: A Focus on Cross-National and Diglossic Bilingualism/Multilingualism

  1. Tej K. Bhatia and
  2. William C. Ritchie
  1. Judith Rosenhouse

Published Online: 3 OCT 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118332382.ch36

The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition

The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition

How to Cite

Rosenhouse, J. (2012) Bilingualism/Multilingualism in the Middle East and North Africa: A Focus on Cross-National and Diglossic Bilingualism/Multilingualism, in The Handbook of Bilingualism and Multilingualism, Second Edition (eds T. K. Bhatia and W. C. Ritchie), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118332382.ch36

Editor Information

  1. Syracuse University, USA

Author Information

  1. Sound Waves Analysis and Technologies Ltd., Israel

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 3 OCT 2012
  2. Published Print: 7 NOV 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781444334906

Online ISBN: 9781118332382

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Keywords:

  • Arabic diglossia;
  • bilingualism;
  • code-switching (CS);
  • loanwords;
  • MENA languages;
  • Middle East and North Africa (MENA);
  • multilingualism

Summary

This chapter focuses on bilingualism and multilingualism in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), trying to present them separately, as they appear in the current research of this region. It briefly reviews the past and present background of this region and its languages, speakers' bilingualism/multilingualism, and four linguistic skills (listening, speaking, reading and writing) and their roles. It then discusses bilingualism and multilingualism mainly in Arabic, MENA's most widely spoken language. This chapter also reviews studied aspects of bilingualism/multilingualism in the MENA, emphasizing the major topics of loanwords, diglossia, and code-switching (CS) in Arabic, while also briefly looking at the psycholinguistic and neurolinguistic bilingual/multilingual research on MENA languages.