2. Definitions of Sarcopenia

  1. Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft1 and
  2. John E. Morley2,3
  1. John E. Morley1 and
  2. Alfonso J. Cruz-Jentoft2,3

Published Online: 27 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118338032.ch2

Sarcopenia

Sarcopenia

How to Cite

Morley, J. E. and Cruz-Jentoft, A. J. (2012) Definitions of Sarcopenia, in Sarcopenia (eds A. J. Cruz-Jentoft and J. E. Morley), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118338032.ch2

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain

  2. 2

    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA

  3. 3

    Division of Endocrinology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA

Author Information

  1. 1

    Servicio de Geriatría, Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain

  2. 2

    Division of Geriatric Medicine, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA

  3. 3

    Division of Endocrinology, Saint Louis University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 30 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119975878

Online ISBN: 9781118338032

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Keywords:

  • sarcopenia definition, evolving, reference populations and cutoff values;
  • sarcopenia, as a common term in geriatrics/gerontology;
  • definitions based on muscle mass alone, inherent limitations;
  • muscle mass by itself, a weak outcome predictor;
  • sarcopenia crucial aspects, overlooked with use of muscle mass;
  • body fat (obesity) to muscle mass, confounding factors;
  • collagen into muscle with aging, muscle mass/strength dichotomy;
  • criteria, sarcopenia diagnosis and categories by cause;
  • EWGSOP conceptual stages of sarcopenia;
  • sarcopenia, age-related in normative ageing, as disease/syndrome

Summary

This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The Origins of the Word ‘Sarcopenia’

  • Definitions Based on Muscle Mass

  • Limits of Only Using Muscle Mass

  • Recent Consensus Definitions

  • Common Aspects of Recent Definitions

  • Open Areas for Discussion

  • Summary

  • References