Published Online: 17 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. All rights reserved.
The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology
How to Cite
Menon, U. 2013. Globalization. The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology. II:605–610.
- Published Online: 17 OCT 2013
Globalization is generally defined as both a speeding up and an intensification in the interconnectedness between peoples and regions. It involves, therefore, an escalation in the rate at which people, goods, capital, images and ideologies travel across national and cultural boundaries. Several observers view the globalization occurring today as an irresistible and overwhelming force that is fundamentally re-ordering the human experience of space and time. Thus, the social theorist talked of “time-space compression” to describe the ways in which advances in modern technology and electronic communications have resulted in time annihilating space, such that people, irrespective of their geographical locations, can share experiences and participate in events at the same instant in time. However, we must remember that in all the hype that surrounds globalization, there remain parts of the world – and this applies to Africa more than anywhere else – that are excluded from global networks; these places are the “black holes” of today's globalized world.