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Dimensions of Culture (Shalom H. Schwartz) – Harmony

  1. Hartini Abdul Rahman

Published Online: 17 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118339893.wbeccp590

The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology

The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology

How to Cite

Rahman, H. A. 2013. Dimensions of Culture (Shalom H. Schwartz) – Harmony. The Encyclopedia of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 413–414.

Author Information

  1. Western Michigan University, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 17 OCT 2013

Abstract

Harmony is a value construct developed by in his cross-cultural studies on individual and cultural value orientations. provided three bipolar dimensions of values representing alternative ways to distinguish cultures. The third of these is regulation of the relation of humankind to the natural and societal world. In responding to this issue, Schwartz produced two bipolar cultural value type responses, harmony and mastery. Harmony is accentuated in societies where the social and natural world is accepted as it is and emphasis is laid on fitting in harmoniously, rather than on changing or exploiting the current stability. Mastery, on the other hand, is the active control of the social and natural environment through self-assertion values. Thus, the harmony versus mastery cultural dimension focuses on how societies regulate the relation between society and the natural environment.

Keywords:

  • cross-cultural psychology;
  • Shalom H. Schwartz