6. Planetary Patterns

  1. Marcello Lappa

Published Online: 24 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118342411.ch6

Rotating Thermal Flows in Natural and Industrial Processes

Rotating Thermal Flows in Natural and Industrial Processes

How to Cite

Lappa, M. (2012) Planetary Patterns , in Rotating Thermal Flows in Natural and Industrial Processes, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118342411.ch6

Author Information

  1. Naples, Italy

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 24 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 31 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119960799

Online ISBN: 9781118342411



  • planetary patterns, inter-relation and scale;
  • mechanisms for formation of zonal jets, in the atmosphere;
  • interacting vortices and waves, and origin of zonal jets per se;
  • persistent dynamics, planetary rotation and spherical geometry;
  • physical mechanism of vortex merging;
  • ‘geostrophic turbulence’, chaotic nonlinear, and geostrophic balance;
  • vortex stretching and 3D instabilities, geostrophic turbulence not reduced to a purely 2D;
  • Ocean–Jupiter, oceanic jets and power law in zonal flow spectra;
  • zonal flow on vortex stability, Jupiter's free vortices, GRS, Los, small ovals


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Jet Sets

  • A Rigorous Categorization of Hypotheses and Models

  • The Weather-Layer Approach

  • The Physical Mechanism of Vortex Merging

  • Freely Decaying Turbulence

  • Geostrophic Turbulence

  • The Reorientation of the Inverse Cascade into Zonal Modes

  • Baroclinic Effects, Stochasting Forcing and Barotropization

  • Hierarchy of Models and Scales

  • One-Layer Model

  • Barotropicity, Baroclinicity and Multilayer Models

  • The Ocean–Jupiter Connection

  • Wave–Mean-Flow Dynamics

  • Solitary Vortex Dynamics

  • Penetrative Convection Model

  • Extension and Unification of Existing Theories and Approaches