36. Clostridium Species and Botulism

  1. Dolores Gavier-Widén3,4,
  2. J. Paul Duff5 and
  3. Anna Meredith6
  1. Aleksija Neimanis M.Sc., D.V.M., M.Vet.Sci., Dipl. ACVP1 and
  2. Stephanie Speck DVM2

Published Online: 30 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118342442.ch36

Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe

Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe

How to Cite

Neimanis, A. and Speck, S. (2012) Clostridium Species and Botulism, in Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe (eds D. Gavier-Widén, J. P. Duff and A. Meredith), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118342442.ch36

Editor Information

  1. 3

    National Veterinary Institute (SVA), Uppsala, Sweden

  2. 4

    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

  3. 5

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, (AHVLA) Diseases of Wildlife Scheme, Penrith, UK

  4. 6

    Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Pathology and Wildlife Diseases, National Veterinary Institute, Uppsala, Sweden

  2. 2

    Bundeswehr Institute of Microbiology, Department of Virology and Rickettsiology, Munich, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 31 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405199056

Online ISBN: 9781118342442



  • clostridium species and botulism;
  • clostridial bacteria, obligate anaerobe bacilli;
  • spores surviving adverse conditions, stain Gram-positive;
  • clostridium botulinum, seven different A–G types;
  • botulism, or limberneck, western duck, intoxication by Clostridium;
  • affected birds, dying from botulism as substrates for bacterial outbreak;
  • wildlife and botulism, preformed toxin ingestion;
  • oral toxic dose for type C botulism, varying between species;
  • botulinum neurotoxin to presynaptic membrane, irreversible;
  • botulinum toxin, proteins requiring confirmatory tests


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Botulism

  • Tyzzer's Disease

  • Other Clostridial Diseases in Wildlife

  • References