9. Flavivirus Infections

  1. Dolores Gavier-Widén4,5,
  2. J. Paul Duff6 and
  3. Anna Meredith7
  1. Hugh W. Reid MBE, BVM & S, DipTVM, PhD, MRCVS1,
  2. Herbert Weissenböck DVM, DipECPHM2 and
  3. Károly Erdélyi DVM, PhD, Dip ECZM3

Published Online: 30 JUL 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118342442.ch9

Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe

Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe

How to Cite

Reid, H. W., Weissenböck, H. and Erdélyi, K. (2012) Flavivirus Infections, in Infectious Diseases of Wild Mammals and Birds in Europe (eds D. Gavier-Widén, J. P. Duff and A. Meredith), Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118342442.ch9

Editor Information

  1. 4

    National Veterinary Institute (SVA), Uppsala, Sweden

  2. 5

    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden

  3. 6

    Animal Health and Veterinary Laboratories Agency, (AHVLA) Diseases of Wildlife Scheme, Penrith, UK

  4. 7

    Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    The Moredun Foundation, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Penicuik, Midlothian, UK

  2. 2

    Pathology and Forensic Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathobiology, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

  3. 3

    Department of Domestic Mammal and Wildlife Diseases, Veterinary Diagnostic Institute, Central Agriculture Office, Budapest, Hungary

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 30 JUL 2012
  2. Published Print: 31 AUG 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781405199056

Online ISBN: 9781118342442



  • flavivirus, Louping-ill RNA virus, isolated in tissue culture;
  • Group B arboviruses, ultrastructural as Togaviruses;
  • Flaviviridae, tick/mosquito-borne/and no known arthropod vectors;
  • WNV or West Nile fever, in vertebrate species;
  • WNV isolates, humans/wild birds/horses/rodents/ticks;
  • birds, principal hosts of WNV, viraemic birds and infectious cycle;
  • viraemic stage of WNV in mammals, short/circulating levels low;
  • microscopic lesions and WNV, in brain/heart;
  • flu-like illness (West Nile fever), in humans, and fatal encephalitis;
  • vulnerable bird species USUV, tissue tropism, CNS viral replication


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • West Nile Virus Infection

  • Usutu Virus Infection

  • Louping-Ill

  • Tick-Borne Encephalitis

  • Other Flaviviruses

  • References