10. Particulate Material in the Oceans

  1. Roy Chester1 and
  2. Tim Jickells2

Published Online: 27 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch10

Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry

How to Cite

Chester, R. and Jickells, T. (2012) Particulate Material in the Oceans, in Marine Geochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch10

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Environmental Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

  2. 2

    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 AUG 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 SEP 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118349076

Online ISBN: 9781118349083



  • oceans and particulate material, vertical to benthic in the ‘great particle conspiracy’;
  • particle microcosm, vital in regulating chemical composition of seawater;
  • distribution of total suspended matter in oceans;
  • oceanic TSM, distribution of oceanic TSM in terms of a three-layer model;
  • typical oceanic TSM profile for a water column with nepheloid layer;
  • TSM distribution around clear-water minimum, paralleling that in surface waters;
  • net particulate standing crop, amount of TSM below the clear-water minimum;
  • spatial/temporal of TSM in oceans, by classic oceanographic parameter control;
  • TSM sinking from surface through water column, a downward particulate signal;
  • two-particle population in seawaters, in understanding TSM in ocean transport


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • The measurement and collection of oceanic total suspended matter

  • The distribution of total suspended matter in the oceans

  • The composition of oceanic total suspended matter

  • Total-suspended-matter fluxes in the oceans

  • Down-column changes in the composition of oceanic TSM and the three-layer distribution model

  • Particulate material in the oceans: summary

  • References