11. Trace Elements in the Oceans

  1. Roy Chester1 and
  2. Tim Jickells2

Published Online: 27 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch11

Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry

How to Cite

Chester, R. and Jickells, T. (2012) Trace Elements in the Oceans, in Marine Geochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch11

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Environmental Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

  2. 2

    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 AUG 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 SEP 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118349076

Online ISBN: 9781118349083



  • trace elements in oceans, dissolved to particulate state in residence time;
  • trace elements in seawater, small concentrations posing analytical problems;
  • predicted inorganic chemical speciation of selected elements;
  • low concentration trace elements, making accurate analysis challenging;
  • trace elements in seawaters, behaviour conservative/nutrient/scavenged, some deviating;
  • mapping oceanographic distribution of trace elements, understanding process controls;
  • elements into three groups based on residence times, patterns of behaviour in oceans;
  • oceans, and vertical distribution of dissolved trace elements;
  • nutrient concentration in oceans, as indicators of past ocean circulation patterns;
  • trace-element speciation, different species of the same element behaving differently


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Oceanic residence times

  • The vertical distribution of dissolved trace elements in the oceans

  • Surface water distributions

  • Scavenging mechanisms

  • Trace-element speciation

  • Trace elements in seawater: summary

  • References