7. Descriptive Oceanography: Water-Column Parameters

  1. Roy Chester1 and
  2. Tim Jickells2

Published Online: 27 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch7

Marine Geochemistry

Marine Geochemistry

How to Cite

Chester, R. and Jickells, T. (2012) Descriptive Oceanography: Water-Column Parameters, in Marine Geochemistry, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118349083.ch7

Author Information

  1. 1

    School of Environmental Sciences, The University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK

  2. 2

    School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 27 AUG 2012
  2. Published Print: 21 SEP 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118349076

Online ISBN: 9781118349083



  • the global journey, the ocean reservoir;
  • descriptive oceanography, and water-column parameters;
  • fundamental oceanographic properties of seawater;
  • complications, of dissolved non-ionized species as silicate, affecting density;
  • corrections for effects, using a new SI unit of ‘Absolute Salinity’;
  • oceans' salinity, temperature and density structure;
  • oceanic water-column distributions of dissolved constituents;
  • wind flow for vertical movement in oceans, upwelling and downwelling;
  • deep-water circulation, resultant thermohaline circulation;
  • GEOSECS in tracing ‘Species analogue’ interpretation of trace-element data


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Some fundamental oceanographic properties of seawater

  • Oceanic circulation

  • Tracers

  • An ocean model

  • Characterizing oceanic water-column sections

  • Water-column parameters: summary

  • References