6. Tail Design

  1. Mohammad H. Sadraey

Published Online: 19 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/9781118352700.ch6

Aircraft Design: A Systems Engineering Approach

Aircraft Design: A Systems Engineering Approach

How to Cite

Sadraey, M. H. (2012) Tail Design, in Aircraft Design: A Systems Engineering Approach, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118352700.ch6

Author Information

  1. Daniel Webster College, New Hampshire, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 SEP 2012
  2. Published Print: 26 OCT 2012

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781119953401

Online ISBN: 9781118352700



  • tail design;
  • horizontal/vertical tails, with wing as lifting surfaces;
  • wing and tail design differences, from their basic functions;
  • conventional aircraft and tail, horizontal/vertical with two functions;
  • aircraft trim requirements, trim as inevitable for a safe flight;
  • static and dynamic longitudinal/directional stability requirements;
  • tail configuration, output of selection, not from mathematical calculations;
  • optimum tail arm;
  • vertical tail design, vertical tail design requirements


This chapter contains sections titled:

  • Introduction

  • Aircraft Trim Requirements

  • A Review on Stability and Control

  • Tail Configuration

  • Canard or Aft Tail

  • Optimum Tail Arm

  • Horizontal Tail Parameters

  • Vertical Tail Design

  • Practical Design Steps

  • Tail Design Example

  • Problems

  • References