10. Novel Ecosystems and Climate Change

  1. Richard J. Hobbs1,
  2. Eric S. Higgs2 and
  3. Carol M. Hall2
  1. Brian M. Starzomski

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch10

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

How to Cite

Starzomski, B. M. (2013) Novel Ecosystems and Climate Change, in Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order (eds R. J. Hobbs, E. S. Higgs and C. M. Hall), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch10

Editor Information

  1. 1

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

  2. 2

    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Author Information

  1. School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118354223

Online ISBN: 9781118354186

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Keywords:

  • biodiversity;
  • climate change;
  • managed relocation;
  • novel ecosystems

Summary

Climate change science has long recognized the possibility for dramatic changes in ecosystems due to shifting climate. In addition to all the other threats to biodiversity, climate change has important consequences for biodiversity. This chapter focuses on the specifics arising from climate change. The concept of novel ecosystems provides a useful tool for understanding and managing the impacts of climate change on species, communities and ecosystems. Novel ecosystems are characterized by non-historical species configurations that arise due to anthropogenic environmental change, land-use alteration, species invasions or a combination of all three. They are a consequence of human activity but do not depend on human intervention for their maintenance. One proposed solution for avoiding ecological surprises is to design the ecosystem we think may be present in the future. Managed relocation (often called ‘assisted migration’) seeks to do this by moving at-risk species into what is proposed to be future habitat.