14. Fauna and Novel Ecosystems

  1. Richard J. Hobbs4,
  2. Eric S. Higgs5 and
  3. Carol M. Hall5
  1. Patricia L. Kennedy1,
  2. Lori Lach2,
  3. Ariel E. Lugo3 and
  4. Richard J. Hobbs4

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch14

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

How to Cite

Kennedy, P. L., Lach, L., Lugo, A. E. and Hobbs, R. J. (2013) Fauna and Novel Ecosystems, in Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order (eds R. J. Hobbs, E. S. Higgs and C. M. Hall), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch14

Editor Information

  1. 4

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

  2. 5

    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Fisheries and Wildlife & Eastern Oregon Agriculture & Natural Resource Program, Oregon State University, USA

  2. 2

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology and the Centre for Integrative Bee Research, University of Western Australia, Australia

  3. 3

    International Institute of Tropical Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Rio Pedras, Puerto Rico

  4. 4

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118354223

Online ISBN: 9781118354186

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Keywords:

  • faunal conservation;
  • human agency;
  • novel ecosystem creation;
  • novel ecosystems

Summary

This chapter discusses the causes and rates of novel ecosystem formation as they pertain to fauna, and faunal use of novel ecosystems. It also describes how novel ecosystems can be used to achieve faunal conservation goals. Human agency is the key driver in the formation of novel ecosystems. The chapter illustrates the human influence mechanisms of novel ecosystem creation with brief discussions of species introductions, species eradications, climate change, land-use practices and a combination of drivers. Novel plant communities can provide habitat features for native fauna. The chapter argues that novel ecosystems are now critical for maintenance of faunal diversity at the genetic, species and ecosystem levels, and restoration goals.