4. Islands: Where Novelty is the Norm

  1. Richard J. Hobbs6,
  2. Eric S. Higgs7 and
  3. Carol M. Hall7
  1. John J. Ewel1,
  2. Joseph Mascaro2,
  3. Christoph Kueffer3,
  4. Ariel E. Lugo4,
  5. Lori Lach6 and
  6. Mark R. Gardener5

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch4

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

How to Cite

Ewel, J. J., Mascaro, J., Kueffer, C., Lugo, A. E., Lach, L. and Gardener, M. R. (2013) Islands: Where Novelty is the Norm, in Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order (eds R. J. Hobbs, E. S. Higgs and C. M. Hall), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch4

Editor Information

  1. 6

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

  2. 7

    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Department of Biology, University of Florida, USA

  2. 2

    Department of Global Ecology, Carnegie Institution for Science, Stanford, California, USA

  3. 3

    Plant Ecology, Institute of Integrative Biology, Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), Zurich, Switzerland

  4. 4

    International Institute of Tropical Forestry, USDA Forest Service, Rio Pedras, Puerto Rico

  5. 5

    Charles Darwin Foundation, Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, and School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

  6. 6

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118354223

Online ISBN: 9781118354186

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Keywords:

  • biogeography;
  • ecosystem intervention;
  • human ecology;
  • island ecosystem novelty

Summary

Islands have much to offer our understanding of novel ecosystems, for it is there that novel assemblages of species have developed most rapidly and dramatically. This chapter on island ecosystem novelty considers non-continental land masses currently surrounded by ocean, whether that has been true throughout their geological history or not. It briefly discusses the three main factors that influence island ecosystem novelty: physical geography, biogeography and human ecology. It aims to provide some context for development of the main topic of interest in keeping with the principal subject matter of this book: when and how to intervene in novel ecosystems. The topic of intervention is discussed in relation to need, barriers and feasibility. Finally, the chapter presents five lessons from islands and elsewhere which have particularly widespread applicability.