40. Case Study: Novel Socio-Ecological Systems in the North: Potential Pathways Toward Ecological and Societal Resilience

  1. Richard J. Hobbs5,
  2. Eric S. Higgs6 and
  3. Carol M. Hall6
  1. F. Stuart Chapin III1,
  2. Martin D. Robards2,
  3. Jill F. Johnstone3,
  4. Trevor C. Lantz6 and
  5. Steven V. Kokelj4

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch40

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order

How to Cite

Chapin, F. S., Robards, M. D., Johnstone, J. F., Lantz, T. C. and Kokelj, S. V. (2013) Case Study: Novel Socio-Ecological Systems in the North: Potential Pathways Toward Ecological and Societal Resilience, in Novel Ecosystems: Intervening in the New Ecological World Order (eds R. J. Hobbs, E. S. Higgs and C. M. Hall), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/9781118354186.ch40

Editor Information

  1. 5

    Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology (ERIE) Research Group, School of Plant Biology, University of Western Australia, Australia

  2. 6

    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Author Information

  1. 1

    Institute of Arctic Biology, University of Alaska Fairbanks, Fairbanks, USA

  2. 2

    Arctic Beringia Program Director, Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, USA

  3. 3

    Department of Biology, University of Saskatchewan, Canada

  4. 4

    Cumulative Impact Monitoring Program, Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada, Yellowknife, Northwest Territories, Canada

  5. 6

    School of Environmental Studies, University of Victoria, Canada

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013
  2. Published Print: 19 FEB 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118354223

Online ISBN: 9781118354186

SEARCH

Keywords:

  • Arctic warming;
  • ecological change;
  • marine ecosystems;
  • societal resilience;
  • terrestrial ecosystems

Summary

Rapid Arctic warming is causing substantial biophysical and ecological change in the north, including places where permafrost integrity is particularly important. Arctic environmental changes are already affecting many of the species and peoples of the Arctic. This chapter describes some examples of novel changes in marine and terrestrial systems. Compounding the types of ecosystem change described in the chapter, some of the most profound changes to Arctic ecosystems are likely to result from the increased accessibility of the Arctic to new people and cultures, leading to a suite of new anthropogenic modifications. Socio-ecological resilience is the capacity of a system consisting of people and the rest of nature to sustain and shape fundamental system structure and function in the face of perturbations such as climate change. This chapter lists the four basic tenets to building resilience.