5. CASCADE REACTIONS CATALYZED BY RUTHENIUM, IRON, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, AND COPPER
- Peng-Fei Xu1 and
- Wei Wang2
Published Online: 18 OCT 2013
Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Catalytic Cascade Reactions
How to Cite
Wang, Y. and Lu, P. (2013) CASCADE REACTIONS CATALYZED BY RUTHENIUM, IRON, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, AND COPPER, in Catalytic Cascade Reactions (eds P.-F. Xu and W. Wang), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118356654.ch5
State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, P.R. China
Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico
- Published Online: 18 OCT 2013
- Published Print: 24 OCT 2013
Print ISBN: 9781118016022
Online ISBN: 9781118356654
- cascade reactions;
The current requirements for clean, fast, efficient, and selective processes have increased the demand for cascade processes using transition metal salts or complexes as catalysts. Among transition metal catalysts, ruthenium, iron, iridium, rhodium, and copper have long been used widely and extensively as catalysts. It has been well demonstrated that transition metal catalysts are able to catalyze both intramolecular and intermolecular cascade reactions under mild conditions and often with high levels of chemo-, regio-, and stereoselectivities. Another essential advantage of these transition metals is that they allow consecutive metal-catalytic or metal-catalytic relaying cascade processes to combine different catalytic cycles with different metal catalysts for each step. Recent progress in cascade reactions catalyzed by these metals is discussed in this chapter. From the viewpoint of practical applications, iron and copper are the most abundant metals on Earth and, consequently, inexpensive and environmentally friendly.