5. CASCADE REACTIONS CATALYZED BY RUTHENIUM, IRON, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, AND COPPER

  1. Peng-Fei Xu1 and
  2. Wei Wang2
  1. Yanguang Wang and
  2. Ping Lu

Published Online: 18 OCT 2013

DOI: 10.1002/9781118356654.ch5

Catalytic Cascade Reactions

Catalytic Cascade Reactions

How to Cite

Wang, Y. and Lu, P. (2013) CASCADE REACTIONS CATALYZED BY RUTHENIUM, IRON, IRIDIUM, RHODIUM, AND COPPER, in Catalytic Cascade Reactions (eds P.-F. Xu and W. Wang), John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ. doi: 10.1002/9781118356654.ch5

Editor Information

  1. 1

    State Key Laboratory of Applied Organic Chemistry, College of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, P.R. China

  2. 2

    Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, New Mexico

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 18 OCT 2013
  2. Published Print: 24 OCT 2013

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9781118016022

Online ISBN: 9781118356654

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Keywords:

  • cascade reactions;
  • copper;
  • iridium;
  • iron;
  • rhodium;
  • ruthenium

Summary

The current requirements for clean, fast, efficient, and selective processes have increased the demand for cascade processes using transition metal salts or complexes as catalysts. Among transition metal catalysts, ruthenium, iron, iridium, rhodium, and copper have long been used widely and extensively as catalysts. It has been well demonstrated that transition metal catalysts are able to catalyze both intramolecular and intermolecular cascade reactions under mild conditions and often with high levels of chemo-, regio-, and stereoselectivities. Another essential advantage of these transition metals is that they allow consecutive metal-catalytic or metal-catalytic relaying cascade processes to combine different catalytic cycles with different metal catalysts for each step. Recent progress in cascade reactions catalyzed by these metals is discussed in this chapter. From the viewpoint of practical applications, iron and copper are the most abundant metals on Earth and, consequently, inexpensive and environmentally friendly.